Fact sheet: Performance monitoring

  • PRIMARY OUTCOMES
  • CATEGORY OUTCOMES
  • OUTPUTS
  • SAFETY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

This fact sheet outlines the overall approach to performance monitoring for the National Road Safety Strategy. It highlights some proposed indicators in each category, it is important to note that these are indicative only and ongoing collaborative work will be needed to establish appropriate indicators, definitions and to explore data sources that will allow measurement.

The separate Fact Sheet Top Safety Performance Indicators—tracking performance highlights the smaller list of indicators which will be the main focus of public monitoring to provide a simpler picture of progress in key areas.

Primary outcome indicators

The primary measure of success will be the overall reduction in road trauma, and we will track progress towards the ten-year targets:

  • To reduce the rate of deaths from road crashes per 100,000 population by at least 50% by 2030: to 689
  • To reduce the rate of serious injuries from road crashes per 100,000 population by at least 30% by 2030: to 33,373.

A person is considered to be seriously injured in a road crash if they are admitted to hospital, irrespective of the length of stay, and do not die within 30 days.

A 50% reduction in deaths per 100,000 population by 2030 will represent approximately a 41% reduction in deaths, to 689.

A 30% reduction in serious injuries per 100,000 will represent approximately a 18% reduction in serious injuries, to 33,373.

The following primary outcome indicators will be measured against a baseline, which is the annual average of the three years 2018, 2019 and 2020:

  • Rate of deaths per 100,000 population and percentage reduction from baseline
  • Rate of serious injuries per 100,000 population and percentage reduction from baseline
  • Annual number of deaths and percentage reduction from baseline
  • Annual number of serious injuries and percentage reduction from baseline
  • Annual number of deaths of Indigenous people
  • Annual number of serious injuries of Indigenous people
  • Number of road crashes resulting in deaths
  • Number of road crashes resulting in serious injuries
  • Number of deaths per 100 million vehicle-km
  • Number of serious injuries per 100 million vehicle-km
  • Number of deaths per 10,000 registered vehicles
  • Number of serious injuries per 10,000 registered vehicles

Category outcome indicators

A series of more specific outcome indicators will allow tracking of changes in trauma levels across road user groups, crash types, remoteness areas and other categories.

EXAMPLES ONLY:

  • Number and percentage of deaths from head-on crashes
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from head-on crashes
  • Number and percentage of deaths from single-vehicle crashes
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from single-vehicle crashes
  • Number and percentage of deaths from intersection crashes
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from intersection crashes
  • Number and percentage of deaths from crashes in major cities
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from crashes in major cities
  • Number and percentage of deaths from crashes in regional areas
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from crashes in regional areas
  • Number and percentage of deaths from crashes in remote areas
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from crashes in remote areas
  • Number and percentage of young driver and motorcycle rider deaths (aged 17–25 yrs)
  • Number and percentage of young driver and motorcycle rider serious injuries (aged 17–25 yrs)
  • Number and percentage of deaths from crashes involving a young driver or motorcycle rider (aged 17–25 yrs)
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from crashes involving a young driver or motorcycle rider (aged 17–25 yrs)
  • Number and percentage of older driver and motorcycle rider deaths (aged 65+ yrs)
  • Number and percentage of older driver and motorcycle rider serious injuries (aged 65+ yrs)
  • Number and percentage of deaths from crashes involving an older driver or motorcycle rider (aged 65+ yrs)
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from crashes involving an older driver or motorcycle rider (aged 65+ yrs)
  • Number and percentage of motorcyclist deaths
  • Number and percentage of motorcyclist serious injuries
  • Number and percentage of cyclist deaths
  • Number and percentage of cyclist serious injuries
  • Number and percentage of pedestrian deaths
  • Number and percentage of pedestrian serious injuries
  • Number and percentage of deaths from crashes involving a heavy vehicle
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from crashes involving a heavy vehicle
  • Number and percentage of heavy vehicle driver deaths from crashes involving a heavy vehicle
  • Number and percentage of heavy vehicle driver serious injuries from crashes involving a heavy vehicle
  • Number and percentage of drivers and motorcycle riders killed with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above the legal limit
  • Number and percentage of drivers and motorcycle riders seriously injured with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above the legal limit
  • Number and percentage of deaths from crashes involving a driver or motorcycle rider with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above the legal limit
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from crashes involving a driver or motorcycle rider with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above the legal limit
  • Number and percentage of deaths from crashes involving an unlicensed driver or motorcycle rider
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from crashes involving an unlicensed driver or motorcycle rider
  • Number and percentage of vehicle occupants killed who were not wearing a restraint
  • Number and percentage of vehicle occupants seriously injured who were not wearing a restraint
  • Number and percentage of drivers and motorcycle riders killed who had an illegal drug in their system
  • Number and percentage of drivers and motorcycle riders seriously injured who had an illegal drug in their system
  • Number and percentage of deaths from crashes involving a driver or motorcycle rider who had an illegal drug in their system
  • Number and percentage of serious injuries from crashes involving a driver or motorcycle rider who had an illegal drug in their system

Safety performance indicators

Safety performance indicators allow assessment of the effectiveness of road safety interventions and understanding of gaps. They can use both qualitative and quantitative information.

The aim is to show the level of road safety that exists: the state of the system. This is different and complementary to measuring outcomes, and the level of implementation of interventions (outputs). Safety performance indicators measure the influence of the interventions rather than the quantum of the interventions.

This is a critical improvement with this strategy. The previous strategy did establish a few indicators of this type but they were not all closely tied with the main interventions pursued under the strategy. There were also some desired safety performance indicators that could not be measured.

Safety performance indicators allow us to check:

  • Are we meeting our objectives and achieving the desired outcomes
  • Are the interventions up to the job?

We can assess progress at regular intervals and are able to tweak or change direction.
Examples of lead national road safety performance indicators may include the following, noting that definitions and scope for measurement will need to be established:

  • Share of local councils with a network safety plan
  • Share of travel on high speed network (≥ 80 km/h) with shoulder sealing, rumble strips, median treatments and protection from road side hazards as a minimum
  • Share of road length on designated motorcycle routes with motorcycle friendly crash barriers
  • Share of sober drivers and riders
  • Share of drug free drivers and riders
  • Share of drivers and riders not exceeding speed limits
  • Share of motor vehicle occupants wearing seat belts
  • Share of drivers and riders not using a mobile phone or device
  • Share of new light vehicles on the roads sold with an ANCAP 5 star rating
  • Share of new heavy vehicles with ESC, AEB and lane keep assist safety technology
  • Share of high pedestrian activity areas with a posted speed limits between 20–40 km/h
  • Share of separated cycle ways on urban roads with a posted speed limit ≥ 50 km/h
  • Share of signalised intersections with a speed limit less than 70km/h

Outputs

The direct delivery of safety interventions will be tracked as outputs. These show how much of a particular intervention has been completed or delivered, and serve as a lead indicator for transformation of the system. These will be revised and further developed as the Action Plan is settled. For example:

  • $$ invested in road safety treatments/km rolled out
  • Implementation of new vehicle safety Australian Design Rules
  • Establishment and adoption of best practice frameworks
  • Changes made to graduated licensing systems
  • Educational programs or campaigns developed and delivered